Crítica, Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía, Volume 43, number 129, diciembre 2011
Inferencia abductiva basada en modelos. Una relación entre lógica y cognición
[Model-Based Abductive Inference. A Relationship between Logic and Cognition]
Alejandro Ramírez Figueroa
Departamento de Filosofía
Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades
Universidad de Chile

Abstract: Abductive reasoning has played a central role in philosophical accounts of generation of new explanatory hypotheses in science. On the other hand, cognitive scientists have considered model-based reasoning as a main instrument for creative thinking in science. This latter kind of reasoning is applied not to sentences but to semantic objects called models, and is not governed by formal rules of inference. This paper holds the thesis that abductive inference, in its discovery role, is reinforced by what can be characterized as “model-based abduction”, a notion which has not yet been sufficiently analyzed in the literature.
Keywords: reasoning, discovery, diagram, hypotheses, knowledge

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