Crítica, Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía, Volume 48, number 142, abril 2016
Vindicating Chance: On the Reductionism/Non-Reductionism Debate
[Vindicando la probabilidad objetiva: sobre el debate entre reduccionismo y antirreduccionismo]
Ramiro Caso
Instituto de Filosofía
Departamento de Filosofía
Facultad de Filosofía y Letras
Universidad de Buenos Aires

Abstract: The debate between reductionist and non-reductionist accounts of chance is presented, and the dialectical burdens acquired by each side of the debate are identified: the motivation problem and the explanation problem. It is argued that, while the motivation problem presents no challenge to non-reductionists, reductionists are unable successfully to answer it. Contrary to what has been suggested, both sides share the burden of the explanation problem. It is argued that non-reductionists can successfully answer it, whereas reductionists are unable to make the corresponding claim. Hence, the non-reductionist side has an important dialectical advantage.
Keywords: Humean supervenience, Big Bad Bug, Principal Principle, credence chance

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