Crítica, Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía, Volume 37, number 110, agosto 2005
La moral y sus sombras: la racionalidad instrumental y la evolución de las normas de equidad
[Morality and its Shadows: Instrumental Rationality and the Evolution of Fairness Norms]
Alejandro Rosas
Departamento de Filosofía
Universidad Nacional de Colombia

arosasl@unal.edu.co

Abstract: Sociobiologists have endorsed a "Calvinist" position captured in the following formula: if natural selection explains moral attitudes, morality is not genuinely altruistic; if morality is altruistic, then natural selection cannot explain it. I expose the false presuppositions behind this claim and argue that altruism as fairness is not incompatible with natural selection. I reject a Hobbesian view of morality as an instrumental endorsement of fairness norms, but suggest its use to interpret primate psychology and to model an evolutionary progression ending in moral capacities as adaptations.
Keywords: sociobiology, altruism, selfishness, Frans de Waal

Abstract in Spanish | PDF en Spanish (178 Kb)