Crítica, Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía, Volume 34, number 102, diciembre 2002
Hacia una filosofía de la experimentación
[Towards a Philosophy of Experiment]
José Ferreirós
Departamento de Filosofía y Lógica
Universidad de Sevilla
Javier Ordóñez
Departamento de Lógica y Lingüística
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Abstract: This paper attempts to promote a more widespread reception of recent work on the philosophy of experimental scientific activity. First, we comment on the origins and character of the predominant theoreticist tradition, offering critical remarks on its assumptions and "poverty". Then we analyze the function of instruments, proposing a coarse but hopefully useful typology of experimental activity. After analyzing the structure of experiment, drawing on work by Pickering and others, we discuss the dynamics of experimentation —the processes of data formation. This is obviously the most crucial and disputed issue, on which the specificity and reliability of scientific methods depends.
Keywords: new experimentalism, theoreticism, structure and dynamics of experiment

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